Schubert was an Austrian Early-Romantic composer. His greatest ability is the capturing of lyrical, melancholic moods and a great talent for melody. Schubert's greatest significance lies in chamber music. He wrote about 600 songs, many pieces for chamber ensembles and solo piano. Furthermore, the author completed seven symphonies, the eighth being the famous "Unfinished", and other liturgical, stage, and ballet music. Despite his hard work, Schubert was never able to obtain sufficient status and financial security during his short life. He lived mostly on support from his relatives, friends and admirers, and his music was not known to the wider public.
Franz Schubert was born in Vienna, but his parents came from Bohemia. His father came from peasant family from the South Bohemia, and his mother moved to Vienna from The Northern part of Bohemia.
In 1808, young Franz became a student of the Imperial Convents and a member of the boys’ choir court chapel. Here he also received lessons from the famous composer Salieri and wrote his first composition. Schubert left the convent prematurely, probably due to lack of success, and began working as an assistant teacher at his father’s. He didn’t enjoy this occupation, but it allowed him to devote himself to composing. F. Schubert was an extraordinary companion and had many friends, who supported him his whole life. Although he was quite poor, he wasn’t forced to care for his living, thanks to their hospitality, and could only compose. His only job was when he became a music teacher in 1818 in Count Johann Esterhazy estate in the village of Želiezovce in Slovakia.
Although Schubert was extraordinarily talented and hard-working composer, the list of his works consists of nearly a thousand items, he wasn’t appreciated during his life. He was impractical, did not want to perform his own concerts and publishers were reluctant to publish a relatively unknown young artist.
At the time of Schubert's greatest period in 1821, he founded the tradition of the famous "Schubertiade" – performances of Schubert’s music in a circle of his friends. Schubert's life
took a tragic turn when he, sometime in early 1823, contracted syphilis. His health got continuously worse, which greatly influenced his life and work.
Franz Schubert died, weakened by chronic illness, in Vienna in the house of his brother. According to his wishes, he was buried near the grave of his lifelong icon, Ludwig van Beethoven in Wahring cemetery.